Myelin, Heal Thyself
Urging Myelin Cells to Grow Up Has Therapeutic Possibilities
By Anette Breindl
Damage to myelin the insulating fatty sheath that allows long-range neuronal communication is at the root of multiple sclerosis (MS). But it is also behind other forms of brain injury notably, developing oligodendrocytes are very sensitive to conditions of low oxygen, and problems at birth can lead to permanent damage that shows itself as cerebral palsy or cognitive deficits.