Recognizing that the age of artificial intelligence (AI) has arrived and, with it, the potential to transform everything from health care to transportation and manufacturing, U.S. President Donald Trump issued an executive order earlier this year that launched the American AI Initiative.

"As the pace of AI innovation increases around the world, we cannot sit idly by and presume that our leadership is guaranteed," according to the administration. "We must ensure that advances in AI remain fueled by American ingenuity, reflect American values and are applied for the benefit of the American people."

To that end, the initiative takes a multipronged approach, directing federal agencies such as the FDA and NIH to:

• prioritize AI investments in their R&D missions;

• make federal data, models and computing resources more available to America's AI R&D experts, researchers and industries, while maintaining the safety and privacy of Americans;

• establish guidance for AI development and use across different types of technology and industrial sectors (this includes reducing regulatory barriers and developing regulatory and nonregulatory approaches regarding technologies that are empowered or enabled by AI);

• prioritize fellowship and training programs to help American workers gain AI-relevant skills through apprenticeships, skills programs, fellowships and education in computer science and other growing science, technology, engineering and math fields;

• develop and implement an action plan to protect the U.S. advantage in AI and safeguard technology critical to national and economic security against strategic competitors and foreign adversaries.

The initiative also calls for the National Institute of Standards and Technology to lead in the development of appropriate technical standards for reliable, robust, trustworthy, secure, portable and interoperable AI systems.

Going forward, the administration said it is committed to promoting an international environment that supports AI R&D and opens markets for American AI industries.

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