Two new studies now have uncovered fungal DNA in tumors throughout the body and endeavor to characterize the cancer mycobiome. Both studies were published in the Sept. 29, 2022, online issue of Cell. Although the association between cancer and individual microbes has long been explored, recent attention has focused on the whole human microbiome.
Tumor mutational burden (TMB), a biomarker used to assess whether a patient will respond to immunotherapy, needs to be recalculated in order to be useful for patients of Asian or African descent. Scientists at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute found a significant bias in the estimated TMB values affecting these populations and adjusted them for those patients.
The U.S. FDA has approved Taiho Oncology Inc.’s Lytgobi (futibatinib) for adults with previously treated, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma harboring fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR-2) gene fusions or other rearrangements. The approval arrived on its Sept. 30 PDUFA date.
Janssen Pharmaceutica NV has patented cyclin-dependent kinase 7 (CDK7) inhibitors reported to be useful for the treatment of cancer, autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory disorders.
Immuneering Corp. has received FDA clearance of its IND application for IMM-1-104, paving the way for the company to initiate a phase I/IIa trial of this oral, once-daily small molecule in development for the treatment of advanced RAS-mutant solid tumors.