Nonreceptor tyrosine-protein kinase TYK2 plays key roles in the signaling of pro-inflammatory molecules such as IL-23, IL-12 or type I IFN, which at the same time play key roles in several immune-mediated diseases such as atopic dermatitis and psoriasis, among others.
It has been previously demonstrated that the two coding variants in the APOL1 gene (G1 and G2) are associated with a greater risk of progressive, proteinuric kidney disease; however, there currently are no therapies to address the causal genetic drivers of this disease. Researchers from Maze Therapeutics Inc. presented the discovery and preclinical characterization of a novel small-molecule inhibitor of APOL1, MZ-302, and they evaluated its efficacy in a new transgenic model of APOL1-mediated kidney disease (AKD).
The GOBACK study analyzed germline susceptibility in children with birth defects and a cancer diagnosis, including a total of 47 probands. Whole-genome sequencing was performed, and researchers evaluated single-nucleotide variants, insertion/deletion variants, as well as copy number variations.
There is increasing evidence on the involvement of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). At the recent American College of Rheumatology meeting, researchers from Daiichi Sankyo Co. Ltd. presented preclinical data on DS-7011a, a TLR7 antagonist antibody with for the potential treatment of SLE.
Researchers from Aligos Therapeutics Inc. have presented the discovery and preclinical evaluation of a novel next-generation liver targeted PD-L1 small molecule inhibitor, ALG-094103, which is being developed for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B and liver cancer.
It’s known that interferon-alpha (IFNα) activates interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and disrupts the hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication cycle. Pegylated (PEG)-IFNα has been widely used for its immunomodulatory and antiviral properties but it is not always well tolerated and thus its use is limited.