Giardia lamblia is a protozoan pathogen that colonizes the gastrointestinal tract and results in giardiasis. Recently, researchers from the University of California San Diego aimed to identify potent proteasome inhibitors that selectively target G. lamblia, as potential antigiardiasis therapeutics with low toxicity.
The HIV journey is a roller coaster of highs and lows for the patients living with HIV and their families and loved ones but also for the community of researchers and clinicians who pour their hearts and souls into the work they do, said speakers at the International AIDS Society (IAS) 2023 conference in Brisbane, Australia.
Researchers from the University of Texas and University of Tennessee set out to determine if the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MALAT1 (metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1), which is known to regulate a subset of genes involved in synaptic plasticity, cognitive function and memory, plays an important role in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology.
Researchers from Harvard Medical School, Yale University and University of Leiden have uncovered two new potential biomarkers of dysregulated glucose metabolism in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Glucose hypometabolism is consistently observed in AD but the molecular changes behind this are unclear. Findings from recent research have indicated dysregulation of glycolysis markers in AD cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and tissue.
Plasmalogens are a type of phospholipid that play significant roles in membrane fluidity and cellular processes such as vesicular fusion and signal transduction. Previous studies with natural plasmalogens have shown their role in neuroinflammation and memory function improvement.
Several neurodegenerative disorders have TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) inclusions as a pathological hallmark; thus, the development of PET tracers able to detect TDP-43 aggregates is essential to advance the diagnosis and treatment monitoring in diseases such as frontotemporal dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and others.
Researchers from Prothena Biosciences Ltd. recently presented preclinical data for the full effector-function IgG1 monoclonal antibody PRX-012, which binds with high affinity to both soluble and insoluble forms of toxic amyloid-β (Aβ) aggregates.