Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) occurs in 3% of all pediatric cancers. Aberrant Hedgehog (Hh) activation can be ligand-dependent or -independent, but current clinical Hh inhibitors targeting SMO are effective only for ligand-independent tumors. Researchers at Vall d’Hebron Institut de Recerca, Barcelona, Spain, developed a targeted therapeutic for Hh ligand-dependent tumors.
AZD-4820 was evaluated in a cell viability assay performed in 30 human cancer cell lines, defining 12 different types of cancer, and testing a dose-range of multiplicity of infection (MOI); potent oncolytic activity was observed with EC50 values of <0.1 MOI in nearly all of the tested cells.
At the recent Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer meeting, researchers from Dong-A ST Co. Ltd. presented preclinical data for the novel small-molecule general control nonderepressible 2 (GCN2) inhibitor, DA-4507, being developed for the treatment of cancer.
Elpiscience Biopharma Ltd.’s ES-005 is a new high-affinity monoclonal antibody (MAb) that blocks human lymphocyte-activated gene 3 (LAG3) from binding to several ligands, such as major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II), liver and lymph node sinusoidal endothelial cell C-type lectin (L SECtin) and fibrinogen like 1 (FGL1).
Recent findings have suggested glycosylated apolipoprotein J (ApoJ-Glyc) levels to be a marker for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. Analysis of this marker was performed in a cohort of patients with chest pain suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (N=404). ApoJ-Glyc serum levels were analyzed with a novel ELISA assay that targets a specific glycosylated variant of ApoJ (ApoJ-GlycA6). It was found that 291 patients were diagnosed as having a nonischemic event, while 113 were classified as having an ischemic event, 33 as STEMI, 48 as non-STEMI, 27 as unstable angina pectoris and 5 as unclassifiable ACS patients.