Oncoprotein Myc is known to be dysregulated in about 70% of cancers, and it is highly expressed in leukemias and lymphomas. Targeting Myc has not been successful and is still an unmet clinical need for cancer patients.
The primary reason for hospitalization of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) is an acute systemic painful vaso-occlusive episode (VOE), which serves as an antecedent to acute chest syndrome (ACS). It has been previously demonstrated that P-selectin-dependent neutrophil-platelet aggregation and the complement pathway activation contribute to the vaso-occlusive pathophysiology in SCD.
Researchers from Cytovia Therapeutics Inc. have presented preclinical data for the novel natural killer (NK) cell engager antibody CYT-338, which was designed using the proprietary FLEX-NKTM platform. CYT-338 contains a novel FLEX-linker to redirect NK cells expressing NKp46 activation receptor to kill CD38-expressing tumors, including multiple myeloma (MM). It was observed that the addition of CYT-338 led to dose-dependent enhancement iNK and PBNK cytolysis of the MM tumor spheroids.
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by hematopoietic precursors arrested in early stages of development. Approximately 20,000 diagnoses and 11,000 deaths occur annually in the United States despite treatment advances.
Researchers from Scorpion Therapeutics Inc. presented the discovery and preclinical evaluation of a novel mutant-selective, allosteric phosphoinositide 3-kinase α (PI3Kα) inhibitor, STX-478. In vitro, STX-478 showed mutant selectivity, as it selectively inhibited the viability of cell lines with mutations in the PIK3CA kinase domain and helical domain.
Trastuzumab deruxtecan (DS-8201a) is an antibody-drug conjugate used for the treatment of metastatic HER2+ breast cancer that is refractory to anti-HER2 therapy such as T-DM1, however, there is a lack of knowledge on acquired or innate resistance to the drug.
Researchers from Kbluebio Inc. and affiliated organizations recently reported the discovery and preclinical evaluation of a novel prohibitin-2 (PHB2) ligand as a potential candidate for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM).
Approximately 20,000 patients diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphomas died in 2022 despite current treatments; 30-40% of these cases involved diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Monoallelic mutations in histone acetyltransferases (HATs) occur in over 39% of germinal center DLBCLs. Activation of intact wild-type alleles offers an opportunity to overcome the mutated allele.
Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and CDK6 inhibitors, in combination with letrozole or fulvestrant, have been approved for treating hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Even though the therapy shows benefits in some patients, resistance develops in other treated patients.