Idorsia Pharmaceuticals Ltd. researchers have prepared and tested new thiazoloaryl-methyl substituted cyclic hydrazine-N-carboxamide derivatives acting as orexin OX1 and OX2 receptor antagonists. They are reported to be useful for the treatment of substance abuse and dependence, anxiety, cognitive, sleep, eating and mood disorders.
Organophosphorus compounds (OPs) include several types of chemical compounds used as pesticides, herbicides or nerve agents in chemical warfare that, once in the body, act by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) functions leading to an excessive increase of acetylcholine that ultimately causes death after respiratory failure.
The FDA has awarded orphan drug designation to Neoimmunetech Inc.'s NT-I7 (efineptakin alfa, rhIL-7-hyFc) for the treatment of acute radiation syndrome (ARS). NT-I7, a novel long-acting recombinant human IL-7, has the potential to rapidly recover and improve the immune response following a high dose of radiation exposure.