Coronary artery disease (CAD) will likely remain the worldwide leading cause of death for the next couple of decades. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been useful to identify hundreds of genomic loci that contribute CAD risk.
Researchers from Basking Biosciences Inc. presented preclinical data for BB-031, a novel RNA aptamer that binds and inhibits Von Willebrand Factor (VWF). BB-031 (0.5, 1.0 and 5.0 mg/kg) or placebo were administered to a canine model of large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke at 6 hours post-LVO with an autologous clot.
Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and affiliated organizations established a novel mouse model of intraventricular extension of hemorrhage (IVH) for the purpose of measuring motor and cognitive function in acute and chronic stages of intracerebral hemorrhage, which is the most severe stroke subtype.
Heart failure is a common condition: according to a new study in 11 high-income countries, an estimated 1-2% of the population has heart failure. One feature of late-stage heart failure is nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), which leaves heart muscle cells unable to generate sufficient ATP to meet their energy needs. Now, investigators at The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto have shown that this metabolic dysfunction is present early in heart failure, and precedes any sign of clinical dysfunction in the heart.
Sequana Medical NV has completed GLP animal studies, demonstrating the safety of its second-generation DSR (direct sodium removal) product (DSR 2.0) for congestive heart failure, following chronic exposure.
The combination of two sequencing techniques has unveiled features of a subpopulation of cells that could be producing plaques in atherosclerosis. This process is associated with an autoimmune component driven by CD4+ T cells, according to a study from researchers at Leiden University.
“I think that we can clearly say now that atherosclerosis is a very clear autoimmune component. It is a multifactorial disease, a combination of genes, and lifestyle, but also inflammation and the immune system,” Ilze Bot and Bram Slütter, associate professors at the Division of Biotherapeutics of Leiden University, told BioWorld.
Shengke Pharmaceuticals (Jiangsu) Ltd. has described proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors reported to be useful for the treatment of atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, stroke, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hyperphosphatemia and diabetic nephropathy.