The leucine-repeat rich kinase 2 (Lrrk2) gets most of its attention in the context of Parkinson's disease (PD). Variants in Lrrk2 are a major cause of familial PD (though familial PD makes up only a small fraction of overall PD cases).
CAR T cells engineered to target fibroblast activating protein (FAP) could reverse cardiac fibrosis and restore cardiac function in mice, researchers have reported in the Sept. 12, 2019, issue of Nature.
Telomerase's reputation is that it has an important role in maintaining the ability of stem cells to divide through maintaining telomeres, the structures at the tips of chromosomes that shorten with each replication cycle.
Plasma coagulation factor VII (FVII), FIX and FX have been shown to be effective antibacterial proteins against drug-resistant gram-negative bacteria and may offer alternative strategies for combating the increasingly urgent global health threat posed by those resistant pathogens.
LONDON – The largest-ever genomics study of Clostridium difficile has found an emerging new species of the bacterium is selected to thrive on a Western sugar-rich diet and to produce high levels of resistant spores, adapting it to maximize transmission in hospitals and other health care facilities.
Sexual dimorphism in gene expression is widespread across chromosomes, and is partially conserved across species from mice to humans, the first study to investigate such differences both across species and across tissues has found.