A multicenter Japanese study led by researchers at Tokyo University of Science has confirmed that the epithelial phospholipid, phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate, could partially halt cancer progression, making it an attractive new target molecule for novel anticancer treatments.
The discovery of increased levels of dopamine in the basolateral amygdala of the brain at the transition from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) to REM sleep in mice suggests a druggable sleep disorder target, according to a Japanese study.
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules aberrantly induced by viral infection or inflammation, have been shown for the first time to form self-antigen/MHC class II complexes that initiate autoantibody production, according to a Japanese study published in the March 4, 2022, edition of ScienceAdvances.
An international collaboration led by scientists at The University of South Australia, SA Pathology in Adelaide, and the de Duve Institute, University of Louvain, Belgium, has discovered biallelic MDFIC pathogenic variants underlying the severe lymphatic disorder, central conducting lymphatic anomaly (CCLA), in seven people from six separate families.
A Chinese study led by researchers at Fudan University in Shanghai has described a novel strategy to target the "undruggable" mutant Huntingtin protein by screening for compounds that directly bind to the 'undruggable' target and rescue disease-relevant phenotypes.
Scientists at Osaka University have discovered that intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles from osteoblasts, cells that are specialized for laying down new bone, is a key factor for the transition from bone formation to resorption via a microRNA (miRNA)-mediated mechanism.
An international study led by scientists at the Free University of Brussels in Belgium has shown that Wnt ligand signaling specificity is adjustable and may represent a means of treating CNS disorders by normalizing blood-brain barrier (BBB) function.
A Japanese study has shown that targeting the chemokine receptor CCR4 using treatment with the monoclonal antibody mogamulizumab (Poteligeo, Kyowa, Amgen) depleted immune regulatory T cells and significantly improved survival in a canine model of advanced prostate cancer.
An international collaborative study led by Australian scientists at the University of Queensland in Brisbane has demonstrated that dietary selenium supplementation mediates exercise-induced adult neurogenesis and reverses learning deficits induced by hippocampal injury and aging in mice.
A histone acetylome-wide associations study performed in immune cells from patients with active Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection versus those from healthy controls, has for the first time provided proof of principle for HAWAS to infer molecular mechanisms of host response to pathogens.