An exome sequencing study of more than 600,000 individuals of European and mixed American ancestry has identified more than a dozen genes, including five brain-expressed G protein-coupled receptors, that were associated with body mass index.
Researchers have identified an evolutionarily conserved metabolic role for tissue-resident macrophages, they reported in the July 2, 2021, issue of Science. In a commentary published alongside the paper, Conan O’Brien and Ana Domingos from the University of Oxford asserted that the work “introduces a new, macrophage-centered paradigm in… energy storage.”
Multiple companies are pursuing CD47-blockade as a tumor immunotherapy approach. Sana Biotechnology Inc., too, is interested in the therapeutic potential of CD47 – but from a very different angle. By overexpressing CD47 on stem cells, researchers at Sana want to make transplanted cells invisible to the immune system.
A deficiency in neurotrophic factor signaling has been shown to exacerbate environmental risk factors for the development of Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis in mice, according to a study reported in the June 22, 2021, online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
PERTH, Australia – Researchers at RMIT University and St. Vincent's Hospital in Melbourne have flipped traditional 3D printing to create more intricate biomedical structures, advancing new technologies for regrowing bones and tissue. Instead of making the bioscaffolds directly, the team 3D printed molds with intricately patterned cavities and then filled them with biocompatible materials, before dissolving the molds away.
Sometimes, scientific progress comes from conceptual insights that arrive in a flash. More often, however, such progress arrives in a decidedly less glamorous, though no less important, manner – through the development of new technologies in what can be a very slow iterative cycle of getting a new method to work.
Researchers from The Hong Kong Polytechnic University said they have used two-dimensional nanosheets to develop a biomimetic nanosheet that can monitor tumor development, treat tumors and monitor the treatment progress in real-time.
A China-U.S. study led by scientists at China Pharmaceutical University (CPU) and Harvard University has identified a new small-molecule antagonist of the stimulator of interferon genes (STING) signaling pathway, SN-011, and shown it to be safe, effective and specific in STING-driven inflammatory diseases.