Hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT1) is an inborn error of metabolism caused by deficiency of the fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) enzyme and people with it are unable to metabolize the amino acid tyrosine. Toxic metabolites accumulate in the liver leading to severe oxidative damage.
Eli Lilly & Co. has synthesized macrocyclic peptides acting as amylin receptor agonists, glucose- and/or triglyceride-lowering agents reported to be useful for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
Researchers from the University of Coimbra presented data from a study that aimed to assess the role of the ghrelin/neuropeptide Y (NPY) system in adipose tissue in subjects with obesity and metabolic syndrome.
Cell death induced by hypoxia is quite a common problem during pancreatic islet transplantation and is caused by insufficient revascularization of the grafts. It has been reported that the loss of NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) in pancreatic islet cells protects them from hypoxia-induced cell death, so it was hypothesized that blockade of NLRP3 would improve pancreatic islet transplantation.
Researchers from the University of Zurich presented data from a study that aimed to investigate the impact of liver-specific apoptosis signal regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) overexpression on the development of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and impaired glucose metabolism.
Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a bile acid-activated receptor and in the gut it is mainly expressed in the ileum, promoting transcription of fibroblast growth factor-19 (FGF-19), a hormone with positive effects on energetic and glucose homeostasis.